Reproduction & cryobiology
Sexing of semen and
embryos. Cloning of animals. Collection and cultivation of stem cells for
production of gametes. Study of basic mechanisms of folliculogenesis. Ex-situ
conservation of germplasm.
Cryobiology is the branch of
biology that studies the effects of low
organisms (most often for the purpose of achieving
cryopreservation). In practice, this field comprises the study of any
biological material or system (e.g.,
proteins, cells, tissues, organs, or organisms) subjected to any temperature
below normal (ranging from moderately
hypothermic conditions to cryogenic temperatures). The area of cryobiology
related to reproduction includes cryopreservation of
embryos for purposes of long-term storage. This usually requires the
addition of substances which protect the cells during freezing and thawing (cryoprotectants).