Murrah breed of
buffalo, the pride of Haryana, is a milk type animal. The
Murrah is the
most important Indian breed of
buffalo, and is
the most efficient producer of milk, not only in the India but probably
in the world. Bulls of this breed are used extensively for up-grading
inferior stock. She-buffaloes are used in most of the important cities
for the supply of milk and ghee.
tract of Murrah
Rohtak, Jind and Hisar districts of Haryana
(India). It is also found in Nabha and Patiala
districts of Punjab (India) and around Delhi.
Some of the important physical characteristics of
Murrah are given
Sound built, heavy and wedge shaped.
on face and leg extremities may be there (2, 3), but are not
Should not be walled i.e. the cornea should not have whiteness.
reaching up to fetlock joint (2, 3, and 6) with black or white
switch up to (maximum) 8.0 inches (4).
Different from other breeds of buffaloes; short, tight, turning
backward and upward and finally spirally curving inward. The
horns should be somewhat flattened. As the age advances the
horns get loosened slightly but spiral curves increases.
Comparatively short but strong built.
Soft, smooth with scanty hairs as compared to other buffaloes.
Fully developed, drooping.
Equally distributed over the udder but hind teats are longer
than fore teats.
Broader and sliding forward.
The average body weight of males, 1200 pounds (544.3 Kg) and the
females, 1000 pounds (453.6 Kg.)
The average height at withers; male: 1.42 meter; female: 1.32
The length from point of shoulder to pin bone is 150.9 cm in
males and 148.6 inches in females as an average for mature adult
Age at fist
calving: 3 years but we have also the buffaloes, which
calved at 3 years with good milk production.
period: 400 to 500 days.
period: 300 days. (With minimum of ~230 days recorded under
Murrah). (I.C.A.R, 1950)
lactation in peak period: 14 to 15 litters but up to 31.5 Kg
milk production had also been recorded. The elite
produces above 18-litter milk per day. A peak milk yield of 31.5
kg in a day has been recorded from a champion
in the All India Milk Yield Competition conducted by the
Government of India.
About three months. But less than three may be there.
period: 310 days (average)
capacity: about 4000 pounds (1814 kg.)
percentage: it has a fat percentage of about 7.5 as